Famous Temples in India


Jetavana, Shravasti, Uttar Pradesh, India



Jetavana was the place where Buddha gave many teachings and delivered many of the discourses for the first time more than in any other place. Somehow Lord Buddha was in love with the place and spent 24 monsoons of his life, which is more than in any other monastery. 

Interesting Facts

  • Jetavana Monastery is the second monastery donated to Buddha, after the Veluvana in Rajagaha-modern day Rajgir. 

Best Season To Visit

The best season to visit the temple is Winter season. The best months to visit are September to February.


Highest - April to June (39°C during day and 28°C during night)Average - May (36°C during the day and 26°C during night)Lowest - December to February (20°C during day and 15°C during night)Monsoon season - June to October

Dress Code

  • For men the dress code is Shirt & Trouser, Dhoti or Pyjamas with upper cloth.
  • For women the preferred dress code is saree or half-saree with blouse or chudidhar with pyjama and upper cloth.
  • Shorts, mini-skirts, middies, sleeveless tops, low-waist jeans and short-length T-shirts are not allowed.

Do's & Dont's

  • Do bathe and wear clean clothes before you enter the temple.
  • Do respect ancient customs and co-piligrims while at temple.
  • Smoking and drinking is prohibited in this temple.
  • Chewing betel leaves, tobacco, gutka and spitting inside temple is strictly prohibited.

transport connections

Name Distance Contact Number
Katra Bus Stand
1.5 KM 1800-180-2877
Balrampur Station
18.8 KM 139
Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport
169 KM 0522-2434914


The site has possibly been christened as “Sahet” derived from the expression “shresthi math” which means “monastery built by a rich person”. A gated complex houses excavations that started in 1863 and now is on the list of two erstwhile monasteries. There are 3 temples here out of one temple is a monastery which has a shrine and mandap in the centre, the second one is Gandhakuti (fragrant chamber) and is one of the most important sites as Lord Buddha’s quarters were located here and the third one is built on the site of Kosambakuti it is also said to be the chamber used by Lord Buddha. There is also a sacred Anandabodhi tree which is believed to have been planted from the Bodhgaya tree, where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment. Some of the chief buildings attached to the Jetavana were, Mahagandhakuti, Kaverimandalamala, Kosambakuti, and Candanamala. Other buildings like the Ambalakotthaka-Asanasala are also mentioned. According to Tibetan sources the Jetavana Monastery Shravasti was built according to a plan sent by the Devas of Tusita and contained sixty large halls and sixty small halls. The grounds of the monastery were thickly covered with trees, and on the outskirts of the monastery was a mango-grove. In front of the gateway was the Bodhi-tree planted by Anathapindika, from a sapling of the Mahabodhi Tree.

King Asoka visited Sravasti in 249 B.C. as part of his pilgrimage to the holy Buddhist shrines and erected two pillars, each 70 feet high, on both sides of the eastern gate of Jetavana, as well as some stupas to enshrine the relics of the Buddha. During the time of the Kusana kings, Kaniska and Huviska, in the 1st-2nd century A.D., new shrines were installed to enshrine Buddha images which were becoming popular at the time.

The Gandhakuti- Buddha's dwelling in Jetavana - The space covered by the four bedposts of the Buddha's Gandhakuti in Jetavana is one of the four avijahitatthanani. For Vipassi Buddha, the setthi Punabbasumitta built a monastery extends for a whole league, while for Sikhi, the setthi Sirivaddha made one covering three gavutas. The Sangharama built by Sotthiya for Vessabhu measured half a league in extent, while that erected by Accuta for Kakusandha covered only one gavuta. Konagamana's monastery extended for half a gavuta, while Kassapa's covered sixteen karisas. Anathapindika's monastery covered a space of 18 karisas. Lamps burnt from dusk to dawn. One day a rat, holding in its mouth a lamp wick, set fire to the banners and canopies, destroying entirely the seven sections or stories. The vihara was later rebuilt in two sections. Two main entrances, one on the east, one on the west, were built. Fa Hsien found thupas erected at the places connected with the Buddha, each with its name inscribed.

Buddhist Railing at the Jetavana monastery - Buddhist railing, a rectangular structure with four entrances, one in the center of each side is located behind the modern Jetavanana museum. The rows of columns within enclosure had once held the superstructure.

Monks’ Living Units (Pancavasa) at the Jetavana monastery - Monks’ Living Units or Pancavasa are located south-west of the Jetavanana stupa. The layout is set up in five-in-dice form. The larger building in the center is surrounded four smaller buildings at the four corners. While the senior monk would have lived in the building at the center, other monks would have lived in the other four buildings at the corner. All the five buildings consist of elegant flight of steps adorned with moonstones, guardstones, and balustrades.

Image House (Patimaghara) at the Jetavana monastery - Image House (Patimaghara), the largest image house found in Anurdhapura, is located to the west of stupa. It is vaulted image house known as gedige. The eight meter high monolithic door side-posts make way for the twenty-five chamber stone reliquary (yantragala) and the lotus pedestal of the Buddha image. The continuation of this vaulted type image houses are found at Polonnaruwa: Thuparama, Lankatilaka and Tivanka image house.

Refectory or Danasala at the Jetavana monastery - The Refectory is located south-east of the stupa. The Refectory herein is mall that that of Abhayagiri monastery. The stone-paved central courtyard house a large canoe-like trough cut in stone that served rice and a smaller trough that would have served gruel. Judging by the enormity of the rice boat, it could be safely concluded, that the refectory would have been capable of serving 3000 monks at a time. 

Chapter House (Uposathagara) at the Jetavana monastery - Chapter House is located south-east of Jetavana Stupa. Hapter house was where the monks performed religious rites, meditated and held discussions on religious texts. The primary task of the Chapter House was to function as an assembly hall so that the monks who breached the code of conduct were allowed to confess enabling the head monks to guide the errant. The massive columns cut in stone testify to the multi-storeyed impressive structure that had existed in its glorious days.

Religious Significance

When Lord Buddha accepted Anathapindika's invitation to visit Shravasti, Anathapindika was on the lookout for a place favorable to be Buddha's residence and discovered the park which was located to the south of the city of Shravasti (according to Buddhist scriptures) in the process. Sudatta asked to be allowed to buy it, from Jeta, the son of King Prasenjeet and Jeta refused to sell the park even if Sudatta covered it with money, Anathapindika agreed to buy the park at that price. When Jeta refused even after that, the matter was taken before the Lords of Justice, who decided that if the price mentioned were paid, Anathapindika had the right of purchase. Anathapindika had gold brought down in carts and covered every inch of the park with pieces of gold laid side by side. The money brought in the first journey was found insufficient to cover one small spot near the gateway and so Anathapindika sent his servants back for more but Jeta inspired by Anathapindika's dedication and eagerness to build a shelter for Lord Buddha, asked to be allowed to donate that much land for the Jetavana Monastery Shravasti Uttar Pradesh In India. Anathapindika agreed to his proposal and Jeta erected there a gateway, with a room over it. It is said that Anathapindika paid eighteen crores for the purchase of the site, all of which Jeta spent in the construction of the gateway which was a gift from him to the monastery. Jeta also gave many valuable trees for timber and Anathapindika himself spent fifty-four crores in all for the purchase of the land and building of the structures inside it.


Jetavana Monastery was erected in a garden outside the walls of the city and presented to the Buddha by a wealthy banker, Anathapindaka. In the present site, The Konagamana's monastery was built by the setthi Ugga while Kassapa's monastery was built by Sumangala. King Ashoka visited Sravasti in 249 B.C as part of his pilgrimage to the holy Buddhist shrines and erected two pillars. When Fa Hsien visited Sravasti in 407 A.D, Buddhism had declined in the city but Jetavana was still occupied by monks. He saw the two Asokan pillars still standing but the stupas of Angulimala and Sudatta were in ruins. By the time Hsuan Tsang came to Sravasti in 637 A.D, the main city was in ruins and there were several hundreds of sangharamas, mostly in ruin with very few religious followers. After Hsuan Tsang’s visit, Jetavana was again occupied, as evidenced by the recovery of seals and images of Mahayanist pantheons such as Lokanatha, Avalokitesvara and others belonging to the 8th and 9th century A.D. The last patrons of Jetavana were King Govindachandra and his devout Buddhist wife Kumaradevi of Kanauj and Benares (1130 A.D). Records of their gift of six villages to the Sangha of Jetavana monastery were found in a copper charter discovered during excavation of the ruins. With the downfall of Buddhism in India in the 13th century A.D, the Jetavana shrines became deserted and fell into oblivion.

Temple Timings

Day Timings
All Days 09:00 AM - 05:00 PM



Airport Name Distance
Shamshabad 40 KM
Lorem Ipsum 12 KM

Railway Stations

Railway Station Name Distance
Secunderabad 10 KM
Nampally 12 KM
Begumpet 6 KM
Lingampally 20 KM

Bus Stations

Bus Station Name Distance
kukatpally 20 KM
Lingampally 30 KM
Uppal 35 KM

Private Transports

Transport Name Distance Contact Number
Private Transport 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757

Local Transports

Transport Name Distance Contact Number
Local Transport 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757

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User Reviews



Jetavana, Shravasti, Uttar Pradesh, India

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