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SRI JAGANNATHA PERUMAL KOVIL

Thirumazhisai, Poonamallee, Tamilnadu, India.

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God

Jegannatha Perumal is incarnation of Lord Vishnu and lord facing East direction here. Seated posture with his right leg bent and left leg hanging and along with consorts Rukmani and Sathyabama. Acceding to the request of the sages, Vishnu is believed to have appeared as Madhya Jagannatha at this place. The main idol is swayambhoo here.

Interesting Facts

  • While Lord Jagannatha appears in reclining posture in Tirupullani and standing in Puri, He graces darshan here in sitting form, hence the place is revered as Madhya Jagannatham and Poorna Jagannatham. As this is the birth place of saint Tirumazhisai Azhwar, the place also is named after the saint.
  • Perumal in this temple called as Sri Jagannatha Perumal in sitting posture with his consorts Sathya Bama and Rukmini, which is a rare feature.
  • Lord Vinayaka graces on the wall of the sanctum sanctorum with the two serpent planets Rahu and Ketu on his belly.

Best Season To Visit

The best season to visit this temple is Winter season. The best months to visit are September to February.

Weather

Highest - April to June (38°C during day and 26°C during night)Average - May (37 °C during the day and 25 °C during night)Lowest - October to February (27 °C during day and 18 °C during night)Monsoon season - August to September

Dress Code

  • For men the dress code is Shirt & Trouser, Dhoti or Pyjamas with upper cloth.
  • For women the preferred dress code is saree or half-saree with blouse or chudidhar with pyjama and upper cloth.
  • These rules are applicable for foreigners also. Shorts, mini-skirts, middies, sleeveless tops, low-waist jeans and short-length T-shirts are not allowed.
  • Pilgrims/visitors will not be allowed inside the temple if dress code is not followed.

Do's & Dont's

  • Do bathe and wear clean clothes before you enter the temple.
  • Do respect ancient customs and co-piligrims while at temple.
  • Smo​king is strictly prohibited inside the temple premises.

transport connections

Name Distance Contact Number
Thirumazhisai Terminus
1.3 KM 9513508001
Pattabiram Railway Station
14 KM 0755 6610661
Chennai International Airport
22 KM 044-22560551

Architecture

Temple faces in East direction and was built in Dravidian architecture style. The main tower Raja gopuram is of 5-tier. The Flagpost is located behind the shrine of Garuda, axial to the central shrine and the gateway tower. The Vimana tower above the sanctum sanctorum is called Jagannatha Vimana. In Koshtam Vinayagar as Thumbikai Alwar, Perumal in sitting posture and Durgai. Umbrella are chiseled above Perumal and Vinayagar. The Sanctum Vimana has the stucco images of Hayagriva, Lakshmi Narasimha and Garuda.

Mandapam and Pillars - The sanctum sanctorum consists of marvelous Artha mandapam and Maha mandapam, Lion Pillar mandapam in court yard. Urchavars of Jagannatha Perumal with Sthyabama and Rukmini, Brigu maharishi and Markandeya maharishi are in front of moolavar. Urchavars are kept in Arthamandapam. Garuda Bhagavan is facing Sri Jagannatha perumal in the Maha mandapam. Sri Thirumazhisai Alwar, the 4th of 12 alwars, is in a separate sannadhi in Maha mandapam. The Maha mandapa has a twenty eight pillared hall with sculptured pillars depicting Vaishnava mythology. There is a four pillared hall in front of the gopuram having sculpted images in the pillars from the Vijayanagara period. There is a Kalayana mandapa, Vahana mandapa for housing the divine vehicles and a Paramapada vasal.

A large temple pond to the east called Brugu Pushkarini, the presiding deity housed in the sanctum is an image made of Granite.

Religious Significance

Arulmigu Jegannatha Perumal & Tirumazhisai Alwar temple is also known as "Madhya Jagannatham" and "Poorna Jagannatham". Birth place of Saint Tirumazhisai Azhwar. This Saint devotees of Srivaishnavism believe that he was the incarnation of Vishnu's disc, Sudarshana. One of the twelve Azhwars whose work is compiled as Divya Prabandha, the early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th-9th centuries A.D. His works include Tiruvanthai and Tiruchanda Viruttam, which are included in the canon. According to the Hindu legend, the Saptarishis (the seven sages) wanted to have a view of Madhya Jagannatha (literally meaning jagannatha located in the middle). As per Hindu legend, the Jaganatha at Puri Jagannatha temple is called Vada Jagannatha (located in the north) and the one located in Adi Jagannatha Perumal temple at Thirupulla Madhya Jagannatha at this place.

Legend - Maharshi's Athiri, Brughu and Bhargava approached Lord Brahmma to suggest a place where they would perform penance. Lord Brahmma called the divine sculptor (Mayan), gave him a scale. He placed Tirumazhisai on one plate and the rest of earth on the other. The Plate of Tirumazhisai went down over weighing the other side of the scale. Realizing the glory of the place, the Sages performed penance here. Lord Jagannatha granted them darshan in sitting form. Born to Bhargava Rishi and Kanakangi in the Tamil Calendar month of Thai (Magam Star),Thirumazhisai azhvaar had a disfigured body at birth. Hence, his parents threw him into a Bamboo pit at Thirumazhisai (which is now a Mandapa to the west of the temple complex). A childless couple Thiruvaalan and Bangaya Selvi picked him up and brought him up with love and care.

The presence of Thirumazhisai azhvaar brought back youth to the couple who then had a son by name Kanikannan. Kanikannan became Thirumazhisai azhvaar’s disciple and served under him. Thirumazhisai Azhvaar’s favourite lord was Sonna Vannam Seitha Perumal of thiruvekka in kanchipuram. For years, he stayed at thiruvekka and undertook service there. Once, a Pallava King of Kanchi ordered Kanikannan out of the kingdom for failing to sing praise of him. When Thirumazhisai Azhvaar heard this, he too followed suit. Not just him, he asked Thiruvekka lord to also accompany him. Everyone are in shock, the lord joined Thirumazhisai Azhvaar and Kanikannan out of the kingdom plunging the whole place into darkness. Realizing his folly, the king apologized and requested them to return to Kanchi. As a mark of having left his abode and having returned subsequently, the Thiruvekka lord changed his posture and slept in the opposite direction. As the lord acceded to the request of Thirumazhisai Azhvaar to accompany him out of the kingdom, the lord of Thiruvekka Divya Desam came to be called ‘Sonna Vannam Seitha Perumal’.

Thirumazhisai Azhvaar also visited thiru Kudanthai and sung praise of Lord Aaraavamuthan Seeing the sleeping posture of the lord, a curious Thirumazhisai Azhvaar questioned if the lord’s tiredness was the reason for him to be lying down in his sleeping posture and if he would not raise and provide him darshan. After hearing this, it is believed that the lord slightly raised his posture to greet the azhvaar. Feeling the guilt of having caused strain on the lord, Thirumazhisai Azhvaar asked him to remain as he is and the lord remained so ever after. To this day, one can see the lord in a slightly ‘raised reclining’ posture (Uthaana Sayanam). The story goes that Thirumazhisai Azhvaar was undertaking yogic penance at this place. Shiva and Parvathi, who were flying and landed here. Over this place were pleased with his penance and landed here at Thirumazhisai. When asked for a boon, Thirumazhisai Azhvaar asked for Mukthi only to be rejected as only Vishnu had the power to provide moksham. He then asked for small thread that could keep rolling into the needle that he was using to stitch his torn clothes. Fuming with anger at this request, Shiva opened his third eye. Thirumazhisai Azhvaar invoked the blessings of Lord Narayana and immediately a third eye emerged for Thirumazhisai as well from the toe of his right leg with water rolling out to cool the fire raging from Shiva’s third eye. Pleased with the devotion of Thirumazhisai azhvaar, Shiva presented him the title of ‘Bhakti Saaran’.

This temple dates to the Dwapara Yuga, finds reference in the Brahmanda Purana as ‘Mageesara Kshetram’. As the place of the temple is believed to have in it all the glory of earth, it is named Magisaram. Those born in this sacred place and those who worship here will not have rebirth, according to belief.

History

This 500-1000 years old temple is built by Chola Kings . The contributors are Kulothunga Chola-III of 12th century A.D., Vijayanagara Kings. The last Renovation was done in 15th Century A.D.

Inscriptions - The sanctum walls has the 12th to 15th century A.D. inscriptions of Kulothunga Chozha-III, Koperunsinga, and Vijaya Nagara rulers (Harihara raya-II 1377-1404 C.E. and Virupaksha Raya-II, 1465-1485 C.E.). Thirumazhisai was originally called by various names like Chrukuravalli-Chaturvedi managalam, Pakkaturaivalla-Chaturvedi mangalam, Mahisaram and Mahaksehtram because the number of Vedic people settled here during the Chola and Vijayanagara period. The Inscriptions on the walls of the temple are from the Chola regime during the 11-12th centuries and Vijayanagara period during the 14-15th centuries. The inscriptions are made in tamil or in ancient Tamil scripts indicating gift of land,lamps and houses to the temple. The oldest inscription is found from the period of Kulothunga Chola-III (1179-1216 C.E.) indicating gift of land to the temple. Vijaya Gandagopala, a Chieftain during the 12th century A.D. has endowed gifts to the temple. There are also inscriptions from the period of Kopperunjinga during the 13th century A.D. Harihara Raya-II (1377-1404 C.E.) and Virupaksha Raya-II (1465-8 C.E.), the rulers of the Vijayanagara Empire have donated gifts to the temple as indicated in the inscriptions.

Local Beliefs & Local Customs

Devotees use to have a dip in Bhrugu theertha and worship the lord for release from sins. They pray to mother seeking child boon and prosperity, offering garlands for removal of obstacles in wedding talks. Realizing their wishes, devotees perform Tirumanjanam to lord and mother, offer archanas with tulsi leaves.

Temple Timings

Day Timings
All Days 05:00 AM - 12:00 PM 04:00 PM - 09:00 PM

Pooja

Thiruvarathanam Kaala Shanthi Pooja
All Days
09:00 - 09:30
Uchchi Kaala Pooja
Monday
16:30 - 17:00
Pushpa purappadu thirumalvadai
Monday
17:30 - 18:00
Thiruvarathanam koil kaalam,peekamuthirai
Monday
19:30 - 20:15

Tours










Airports

Airport Name Distance
Shamshabad 40 KM
Lorem Ipsum 12 KM

Railway Stations

Railway Station Name Distance
Secunderabad 10 KM
Nampally 12 KM
Begumpet 6 KM
Lingampally 20 KM

Bus Stations

Bus Station Name Distance
MGBS 35 KM
CBS 28 KM
kukatpally 20 KM
Lingampally 30 KM
Uppal 35 KM

Private Transports

Transport Name Distance Contact Number
Private Transport 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757

Local Transports

Transport Name Distance Contact Number
Local Transport 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757

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