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SRI TIRUVIRKOLANADHAR TEMPLE

Korukkambedu, Tamilnadu, India

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God

The main diety of this temple is Thiruvirkolanathar, who is an incarnation of Lord Shiva facing East direction. There is an injury scar on the head of Lord Shiva lingam. Lord Shiva here is a swayambu moorthy.

Goddess

Sri Thiripurasundari is a other deity here consort of Lord Shiva. Mother’s shrine is right of that of lord facing East in a standing form. Sri Chakra is installed in the shrine.

Interesting Facts

  • The unique feature of this temple is that Lord Shiva’s procession idol (Utsavar) can be seen holding a bow and arrow in his hands. Such an idol is very rare and cannot be seen anywhere else.

Best Season To Visit

The best season to visit this temple is Winter season. The best months to visit are October to March.

Weather

Highest - April to June ( 38°C during day and 22°C during night)Average - May (37 °C during the day and 21 °C during night)Lowest - October to February (27 °C during day and 17 °C during night)Monsoon season - August to September

Dress Code

  • For men the dress code is Shirt & Trouser, Dhoti or Pyjamas with upper cloth.
  • For women the preferred dress code is saree or half-saree with blouse or chudidhar with pyjama and upper cloth.
  • These rules are applicable for foreigners also. Shorts, mini-skirts, middies, sleeveless tops, low-waist jeans and short-length T-shirts are not allowed.
  • Pilgrims/visitors will not be allowed inside the temple if dress code is not followed.

Do's & Dont's

  • Do bathe and wear clean clothes before you enter the temple.
  • Do respect ancient customs and co-piligrims while at temple.
  • Smo​king is strictly prohibited inside the temple premises.

transport connections

Name Distance Contact Number
Parambakkam Terminus
3.6 KM 8807270001
Senji Panambakkam Railway Station
13.8 KM 139
Chennai International Airport
45.4 KM 044-22560551

Architecture

There are several tales related to the Tripura Samhara and temples associated with it. Tarakaksha, Kamalaksha and Vidyunmali, were three Asuras who, through the boon received from Lord Brahma, moved about in their aerial cities made of precious metals and tortured the humans and devas alike. The devas appealed to Lord Shiva who set out to strike them down with a single arrow. With the earth as chariot, and the Sun and Moon as wheels, Lord Brahma as the charioteer, Mount Meru as the bow, the serpent Vasuki as the string and Lord Vishnu as the arrow, the lord set out for the samhara. In his haste, he forgot to worship Lord Ganesha. It is a requirement to worship Lord Ganesha before the beginning of any act and Lord Shiva cannot be exempted because he was Ganesha's father. If Gods do not follow the rules, who will? In order to establish the protocol, Lord Ganesha looked up and this broke the bearing of the chariot. The place where this is said to have happened is called Achu (Bearing)+Iru (break) pakkam-Achirupakkam. When the axle of his rath broke, the chariot lost control and the axle fell at koovam. Lord Shiva is said to have stood up and gained his balance by placing his bow on the ground. Hence, he is also named Tiruvirkolanathar. The place is named Thiruvirkolam. During the Chithirai Brahmmotsavam festival, lord appears with the bow. This darshan is considered very important in the temple. Water sprang from the point where the bow hit the ground, and flowed to anoint the holy feet of Lord Shiva. This water then gushed forth as a river and came to be known as koovam (which is an adaptation of the word koovaram which means axle and / or Koobam which means water source. Today it is generally referred to as koovam. As the lord took on a march against Tripuranthaka demons, he also bears the name Tripuranthaka and mother Tripuranthaki. The temple is facing in East direction.

There is a 5-tier Raja gopuram facing South direction and two dhwaja stambhams here. Goddess shrine has a separate flag post. The vimana (roof tower) of the sanctum sanctorum is designed in a special way that is exclusive to Pallava architecture, the Gaja Brishtam, that looks like the rear of an elephant (Gaja - Elephant, Brishtam - Rear). The demons, Tharakatchan and Vidyunmali have become the gate keepers (Dhwarapalakas) of the sanctum sanctorum. The shrine where Lord Shiva performed the “Raksha dance” can be seen near the entrance of the sanctum sanctorum.

The wall surrounding the sanctum sanctorum has the Goshtam idols of Ganesha, Dakshinamurthy, Annamalaiyar, Brahma, Durga and Chandikeswarar. All these bas relief images are very attractive. Several rulers have left their inscriptions at the temple. During the rule of the Cholas, Koovam was known as Madurantakanallur and subsequently as Tyagasamudranallur. An inscription of Rajendra-II, 1057 A.D., speaks about sale of land for developing a feeder canal to the Koovam tank, which had then been called Tribhuvanamadevi Pereri. An inscription of Kulothunga-I, 1112 A.D. speaks about the lifting of fishing and paddy taxes to fund the repair of the Tribhuvanamadevi Pereri. There have been grants provided by Rajaraja-II, Vijayaganda Gopala Deva and Konerinmaikondan for conducting festivals at the temple. The Ardha mandapa in the main shrine of Shiva has few idols such as Surya, Nalvar, etc., very beautiful utsava (Bronze) idols. Agni theertham, located at front of the temple, Another interesting aspect of this tank is that it never goes dry.

Religious Significance

The Lord is believed to have killed Asuras (demonic beings) using the meru mountain as a bowand hence the name of the place is Thiruvirkolam (vir or vil is bow, kolam is the appearance and pose). After performing his aggressive dance in Tiruvalangadu to sub due kali, the lord is believed to have performed his protecting dance to her here at Thiruvirkolam.

Tharka Madha - At the request of sages Munjikesar and Karkodar, Lord Shiva played his oordhva thandavam a dance with fast and furious movements and won kali in the competition. Kali was too angry to accept her defeat. Lord Shiva told kali that he would be playing a pleasing dance raksha dance in Thiruvirkolam when she can have his darshan and shed her anger. Kali had the pleasing darshan of the lord on the occasion and became merciful. Kali is gracing the devotees in the name of Tharka Madha in a separate shrine a little away from the temple. kali assumed the name of tharka madha as she contested against Lord Shiva in the dance competition. Tharka in Sanskrit means debate.

The Tale of Dharmaseelan - In koovam, there lived a Brahmin called Dharmaseelan. He and his wife were staunch devotees of Lord Tripuranthaka and took immense pleasure in feeding the Shivacharyas who came to their door step. Over time, Dharmaseelan had spent all his earnings, feeding the Shivacharyas and had to resort to selling all that he had in order to continue to do so. At one point, he sold even his wife's mangalsutra when he had nothing else worth selling. Once the money received out of the sale was spent, Dharmaseelan and his wife had absolutely nothing, to even feed themselves. For eight days, they did not have a morsel of food to eat. They still walked weakly to the temple to worship Lord Tripuranthaka and looked out for Shivacharyas. On the ninth day, a Sivacharya walked up to the doorstep of Dharmaseelan, asking for food. Dharmaseelan did not know what to do. He ran through the streets of Koovam, seeking alms and was able to get two measures of rice. He ran back home, asking his wife to make porridge with the rice. The Sivacharya drank the porridge to his heart's content. After he left, Dharmaseelan and his wife sat down to drink the remaining porridge. At that moment, there was another Sivacharya at the door. Dharmaseelan stood up to receive the mendicant, but due to hunger and fatigue, fell down. His wife cried at his plight. Dharmaseelan soon dragged himself up, and gave the remaining porridge to the visitor. At that moment, Lord Tripuranthaka appeared before them, and told them that every day a pot full of rice will appear in his shrine for use by Dharmaseelan for his noble deeds.

History

It is said that when Lord Shiva was performing penance here, sound of frogs was a hindrance to penance, hence there are no frogs in the Agni theertha here. This temple was built in 7th century A.D. by Chola Kings.

Local Beliefs & Local Customs

Devotees believe that worshipping mother would break the obstacles in the way of wedding proposals. Worshipping Lord Tripuranthaka enhances the personality of the devotee, relieves him/her from evil and arrogant behaviours. It makes family life more loving. Devotees also pray to Lord Achirutha Vinayaka who damaged the Rath of Lord Shiva before starting any new undertakings. It is also said that every day water is brought for abhishekam from the “Thirumanchana Kuzhi” tank. This tank is the property of this temple and is located at a distance of about 2 kms from this temple. It is believed that if water from any other source is used for abhishekam, one can see a lot of ants on the lingam. It is said that there are no frogs in this temple’s tank and if anyone puts a frog there, it will not stay there but come out immediately. It is also believed that any sort of misunderstanding between husband and wife can be resolved if they worship the lord here. Worshipping the Achirutha Vinayagar before starting any new venture, is supposed to bring all success & a unique custom followed in this temple is that devotees are to worship Goddess Thiripurasundari before worshipping Lord Thiripuranthakar. Every day poojas are performed four times and the archakars perform these poojas only after taking bath in the temple tank. It is surprising to see this custom being followed even today.

Temple Timings

Day Timings
All Days 05:00 AM - 12:00 PM 04:00 PM - 08:00 PM

Tours










Airports

Airport Name Distance
Shamshabad 40 KM
Lorem Ipsum 12 KM

Railway Stations

Railway Station Name Distance
Secunderabad 10 KM
Nampally 12 KM
Begumpet 6 KM
Lingampally 20 KM

Bus Stations

Bus Station Name Distance
MGBS 35 KM
CBS 28 KM
kukatpally 20 KM
Lingampally 30 KM
Uppal 35 KM

Private Transports

Transport Name Distance Contact Number
Private Transport 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757

Local Transports

Transport Name Distance Contact Number
Local Transport 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757

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SRI TIRUVIRKOLANADHAR TEMPLE

Sri Kalahasti, Andhra Pradesh, India

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