• SRI VENKATESWARA SWAMY TEMPLE | 25-12-2020 TO 25-12-2020 | VAIKUNTA EKADASI - Darshanam in Tirumala is expected to take more time on 25-12-2020 due to Vaikunta Ekadashi.

SRI KALAHASTHEESWARA SWAMY TEMPLE

Srikalahasti, Andhra Pradesh, India

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God

Sri Kalahastheeswara swamy is the main deity of Srikalahasti temple. The Lord is an incarnation of Lord Siva. Here main deity is facing West direction and he is 2.5 Feet height. The Lingam here is swayambu and is known as Karpoora Vayu Lingam. The main lingam is shaped like an Elephant Trunk, with tusks on each side and a figure of the Spider at the bottom. If you look at the lingam from above it looks like a Snake with five hood and it is white in colour.

Goddess

Goddess Parvathi Devi is worshiped here as Gnanaprasunambika. Goddess Parvathi is facing East. Gauri Devi was born during the time of Dakshayagna and wanted to marry Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva asked Gauri Devi to get her powers back then he will marry her. Later Parameshwari prepared Sri Chakra with her own hands, got back her powers and got married to Lord Shiva.

Interesting Facts

  • It is the only temple kept open for Darshan on Eclispe days.
  • In this temple the lights of oil lamps oscillate back and forth, as an indication of swami Uchwasa and Nitchvasa which is a direct evidence of swamy presence.
  • Kalankari, one of the most traditional art form of India is noted for its extraordinary beautiful hand paintings on fabrics in Srikalahasti.
  • We can have a great view of Shiva linga where Kannapa (Thinnappan), performed act of giving his own eye to Lord Shiva located on the top of the hill.

Best Season To Visit

The best season to visit Srikalahasti is the Winter season. The best months to visit are October to March.

Weather

Highest - April to June (40 °C during day and 20 °C during night)Average - May (35 °C during the day and 20 °C during night)Lowest - October to February (27 °C during day and 18 °C during night)Monsoon season - August to September

Dress Code

  • For men the dress code is Shirt & Trouser, Dhoti or Pyjamas with upper cloth.
  • For women the preferred dress code is saree or half-saree with blouse or chudidhar with pyjama and upper cloth.
  • Shorts, mini-skirts, middies, sleeveless tops, low-waist jeans and short-length T-shirts are not allowed.

Do's & Dont's

  • Take a head bath before performing the pooja.
  • Pregnant ladies should not perform the dosha nivarana poojas in the temple. Also avoid visiting temple where dosha nivarana poojas are performed.
  • Do not offer Sastanga Namaskara in any Naga devatha temple.

transport connections

Name Distance Contact Number
A.P.S.R.T.C. Bus Stand, Srikalahasti
1.4 KM 073828 83554
Sri Kalahasti Railway Station
3 KM 08572-230085
Tirupati International Airport
26 KM 0877-227 5354

Architecture

This temple faces South, whereas the sanctum faces the west in the temple. Sri Kalahastheeswara swamy temple is built in Dravadian style of architecture.

Gopuram - Huge white architecture with three lofty gopurams speaks volume for its construction that dates back to Krishnadevaraya and Chola dynasty. The southern gopuram was constructed in the 12th century by Kulothunga Chola. It is said that the Bikshala gopuram was constructed by Devadasi Bichchalu and the construction was done during the region of Yadava Narasimha. Krishnadevaraya built a huge gopuram in 1516, a few feet away from the entrance to the temple. The entrance to the temple is crowned with a smaller tower. This ancient gopuram over the main gate, which is 36.5 Meters (120 feet) high and the entire temple is carved. The style of architecture is a mixture of different regimes ruled the city from time to time. It is an architectural wonder that the 120 feet main tower called Rajagopuram, which was built by the Vijayanagara King Krishnadeva Raya as a commemoration of his victory over the Gajapathi kingdom during the 15th century. There was a bronze idol of the king in the bottom front portion of the tower. Unfortunately, there was a crack found in the tower 25 years ago, developed as a vertical fissure and the tower collapsed in may 2010. A new more taller tower has been built on the still strong base and the consecration ceremony was conducted during January 2017. There are five stages of huge prahara walls. This lithic record is inscribed on the western wall of the second prakara (corridor) and is dated to saka year 1438 (that is, 1516 CE).

Dhwaja stambham -  The Golden flagstaff is located outside the main entrance, beside this Dhwajastambham a huge Depastmabham is placed. In Gabhagudi there is a lamp inside the inner sanctum that is constantly flickering despite the lack of air movement inside. The air can be observed even when the priests close the main deity room, which does not have any windows. When all the lamps in the sanctum glow steadily, one can notice two lamps flickering now and then, proving the lord's inhalation and exhalation. The marks that correlate the legend are still visible on the lingam, which is a swayambhu (natural).

Inscriptions - The temple complex abounds in lithic records (stone inscriptions) of Chola kings such as Rajaditya (947-949 C.E), Raja Raja Chola (985-1014 C.E), his son Rajendra Chola (1012-1044 C.E), his son Rajadhiraja (1018-1054 C.E), Kulottunga I (1070-1120 C.E) and Kulotunga III (1178-1218 C.E). The inscriptions on the temple inform that it was built by the great Pallava kings and folowed by the Tondaman Chakravarthi (Pandya Kings). It shows Cholas, Pallavas, Nijam and Vijayanagar kings gave there sculptures.

Mandapams - There are two large halls namely Sadyogi Mandapa and Jalkoti Mandapa. While in the 12th century AD Veeranarashimha Yadavaraya contributed to the construction of the temple by constructing the compound wall or Prakara and the four Gopurams. The Mantapams and Galigopurams facing east were developed by the Vijaynagar rulers in 16th century. In 1516 A. D., the Great King Krishnadevaraya built the huge 100-Pillared Mandapa

There are two water bodies associated with the namely, Surya Pushkarani and Chandra Pushkarani. This holy shrine is built in Tribal area, no one has been able to concentrate on temple’s development and growth till 4 and 5 centuries. But due to Pallava’s arrival in South India architectural masterpiece has grown politically and locally. In those days temples are constructed by Timber, reeds and soil in order to prevent temples from quick destroying. Later made up of black stone.

Religious Significance

According to Puranas, a Spider (Sri), a Snake (Kala) and an Elephant (Hasti) worshipped the lord here and attained mukti (salvation). Hence the linga is known as Sri Kala Hasti Eshwara. According to hindu mythology the five lingas represent the five great elements namely – Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Space, established in the five great ‘Kshetras’. At Srikalahasti temple Lord Shiva is worshiped as Vayu Linga of the Wind God. Sri Kalahasti temple is famous for the element air and the other four which are Chidambaram (Space), Kanchipuram (Earth), Tiruvanaikkaval (Water) and Tiruvannamalai (Fire).

In the first days of the world, God "Vayu Deva" is worshiped with reverence by the devotion of the Siva (form of Karpura Linga) and he had done thousands of years of penance for the God Siva. The God Siva appeared to Vayudeva, then Vayudeva ask a boon that I should be everywhere in the world, should be the main thing for the living things and the name of your Karpuralingam should be change as my name. The Lord Siva agreed to Vayudeva and fullfill’s his wish.

Srikalahasti derives its name from his ardent devotees :-

1. Spider called Sri

2. Serpent called Kala

3. Elephant called Hasti

In Kritayuga, the spider built a thick web in the form of temple and the walls of shrine in order to worship Lord Siva. The Spider protects deity from external damage by weaving his web and continuously worships Lord Siva. One day Lord Siva tried to test Spider and burnt the temple built by its web using lamp. By looking at this Spider went to swallow the lamp, in the meantime Lord Shiva appeared and offered a boon to him. Then the Spider wanted to make him without birth, so Lord Siva agreed and united his spirit in him. In Tretayuga,the Snake brought precious gems from the underworld and worshiped Shiva every day and an Elephant used to clean Shiva linga by carrying river water with its trunk. The Elephant threw the gems brought by snake, used to worship by placing bilva leaves and flowers on top of Shiva linga. The next day Snake came and saw the flowers, threw them and worshipped Siva with precious gems.This lead to enemity between them, the Snake decides to punish the Elephant by entering its trunk and in the process kills itself, while the Elephant runs and hits its trunk and head against Shiva linga. Lord Siva impressed with their devotion provided moksha to Elephant and Snake.

The frontal part of Shiva linga is a five-string snake shaped (Panchmukhi Shakti),the head part of Shiva linga is in the shape of Elephant’s two teeth’s and the below part of linga is in the shape of Spider.

Legend of Bhakta Kannapa - The hills are closely associated with a legend on a tribal hunter and an ardent Shiva devotee Kannappa. His original name was Thinna, one day he noticed a priest performing Shiva puja and followed it regularly. In course of time,the hunter became so devoted that he started worshipping the lord, offering meat of hunted animals. This infuriated the priest, who wanted to teach the hunter a lesson. But the lord wanted to prove that between him and a true devotee, irrespective of caste or creed, nothing else can stand. He decided to enact a divine drama. One day, an eye of the lord started bleeding. The devout Thinna, unable to withstand this, gorged out one of his eyes and offered it to the lord. The bleeding stopped and Thinna was extremely happy. But the lord apparently wanted to test his devotion further. The second eye started bleeding now. Thinna was such a staunch devotee that without any hesitation, he scooped out his second eye also, holding the lords bleeding eye with one of his feet. Moved by this act,Lord Shiva appeared before Thinna,called his devotee by the name Kannappa (Kan in Tamil means eye) and gave him Mukti (salvation).The priest, who witnessed this high drama hiding himself in the neighbourhood realised what true devotion is. In commemoration of this legend, the hill was named after Kannappa and he is immortalised as one of the 63 saivite saints (63 Nayanmars).

Legend of Swarnamukhi river - Original name for Swarnamukhi is as Uttara Vahini as its course was changed as per the request of sage Agasthya Swarnamukhi river flows from South to North. Agastya Mahamuni along with his disciples came to the South shore to perform meditation for water. Brahma got impressed with his Tapasya and fulfilled maha muni’s wish. Gangadevi takes the form of Suwarnamukhari Sravanthi in the Agastya mountain, flows from South to North and joins the sea in East. Another interesting story attached with Swarnamukhi river is that, the Lord Brahma took bath here and prayed to Lord Shiva to get rid of the sin of killing children. It is believed that Swarnamukhi river is equivalent to Ganga river, for all rivers “Pushkaralu” comes once in twelve years. But for this river Pushkarulu is celebrated on the day of full Moon in Maghamasam.

Swarnamukhi associated with puranas - Swarnamukhi is associated with Mount Meru. It is said that there was an altercation between Adi Sesha the Serpent God and Vayu the God of Wind. Which caused three blocks to be separated from Mount Meru and they all fell at three different places. One of these places was next to Swarnamukhi river. The other two places were in Trichy and Trincomalee in Sri lanka. In Skanda Purana, it is said that this holy river once flowed with a sound resembling that of gold when struck with a hard piece and hence the name Swarnamukhi for this river. It is also believed that during the time of construction of Sri Kalahasti temple, every evening, the laborers tired from a hard days’ work, would wash themselves in the waters of swarna mukhi river near thetemple. When they would dip their hands in to the water, they would often find gold coins. The numberwould depend on heaps of sand they carried from the river for constructing the temple. Swarnamukhi means ‘one with a golden face’.

History

During 2nd and 3rd centuries, Syva Nayanarlu Appar, Sunder, Thirugnana Sambandar, Manikya Wachakkar of Tamil Nadu visited this holy shrine and spreaded the temple’s importance and devotion through songs. Shri Adi Shankara Charya also made this temple famous by illustrating Bhakta Kannappa in his Sivananda Lahiri and enshrined Bhuvaneshwari Devi Peetham in this holy place. Many kings contributed to this temple, they include Syva Nayanarlu Appar, Sunder, Thirugnana Sambandar, Manikya Wachakkar, Kulottunga Chola, Veera Narasimha Rayalas, Devadasi Bichchalu, Yadava Narasimha, Sri Krishna Devarayalu, Akkanna and Madananna. The inner temple is constructed around 5th century by the Pallava kings and and completed by the Chola kings in the 10th century, the outer temple was constructed in the 12th century. Temple dome was constructed during Kulottunga Chola's period; Hyma, Girija cave Bhairava cave and Gopara cave were constructed with bricks by the Veera Narasimha Raya.

Temple Timings

Day Timings
All Days 05:00 AM - 09:00 PM

Darshanam Details

Darshanam Price Estimated Time Entrance From
Seegra Darshnam 200.00
Special entrance 50.00

Sevas

Suprabatham
All Days
04:00 - 06:30
2 Hrs 30 Mins
50.00/ Person
Pradhama Kala Abhishekam
All Days
07:30 - 08:15
45 Mins
Dwithiya Kala Abhishekam
All Days
09:00 - 09:45
45 Mins
Ucchi kala Abhishekam
All Days
10:30 - 11:00
30 Mins
Rudhra Homam
All Days
10:00 - 11:30
1 Hr 30 Mins
Chandhi Homam
All Days
10:00 - 11:30
1 Hr 30 Mins
1116.00/ Person
Nityothsavam
All Days
11:00 - 11:45
45 Mins
Nithya Kalyanam
All Days
11:00 - 12:00
1 Hr 45 Mins
Prodhosha Kala Abhishekam
All Days
17:30 - 19:00
1 Hr 30 Mins
Nirajana Manthra Pushpam
All Days
19:00 - 19:45
45 Mins
Ekantha Seva
All Days
21:00 - 21:15
15 Mins

Pooja

Rahu Kethu pooja
All Days
04:00 - 06:30
2
Adults
15 Mins
300.00/ Person
Rahu Kethu pooja
All Days
06:00 - 06:45
2
Adults
15 Mins
750.00/ Person
Rahu Kethu pooja
All Days
07:30 - 08:15
2
Adults
2
Child
15 Mins
1500.00/ Person
Rahu Kethu pooja
All Days
09:00 - 09:45
2
Adults
2
Child
15 Mins
2500.00/ Person

Tours










Airports

Airport Name Distance
Shamshabad 40 KM
Lorem Ipsum 12 KM

Railway Stations

Railway Station Name Distance
Secunderabad 10 KM
Nampally 12 KM
Begumpet 6 KM
Lingampally 20 KM

Bus Stations

Bus Station Name Distance
MGBS 35 KM
CBS 28 KM
kukatpally 20 KM
Lingampally 30 KM
Uppal 35 KM

Private Transports

Transport Name Distance Contact Number
Private Transport 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757

Local Transports

Transport Name Distance Contact Number
Local Transport 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757

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SRI KALAHASTHEESWARA SWAMY TEMPLE

Srikalahasti, Andhra Pradesh, India

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