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  • SRI VENKATESWARA SWAMY TEMPLE | 18-09-2020 TO 24-11-2020 | BRAHMOTSAVAMS OF SRI VENKATESWARA SWAMY TEMPLE: ¦¦ 18-09-2020 Evening Ankurarpanam, 19-09-2020 Morning Dwajarohanam Evening Pedda Sesha Vahanam, 20-09-2020 Morning Chinna SeshaVahanam Evening Hamsa Vahanam, 21-09-2020 Morning Simha Vahanam Evening Mutyapu Pandiri Vahanam, 22-09-2020 Morning Kalpavriksha Vahanam Evening Sarva Bhupala Vahanam, 23-09-2020 Morning Mohini Avataram Evening Garuda Vahanam, 24-09-2020 Morning Hanumantha Vahanam Evening Swarna Ratham,Gaja Vahanam, 25-09-2020 Morning Suryaprabha Vahanam Evening ChandraPrabha Vahanam, 26-09-2020 Morning Rathosavam Evening Aswa Vahanam, 27-09-2020 Morning ChakraSnanam Evening Dwaja Avarohanam || 15-10-2020 Ankurarpana, 16-10-2020 Dwajarohanam Golden Tiruchi Ustavam Pedda sesha Vahanam, 17-10-2020 Chinna Sesha Vahanam & Hamsa Vahanam, 18-10-2020 Simha Vahanam Mutyapu Pandiri Vahanam, 19-10-2020 Kalpavriksha Vahanam Sarva Bhupala Vahanam, 20-10-2020 Mohini Avataram Garuda Vahanam, 21-10-2020 Hanumantha Vahanam Pushpaka Vimanam Gaja Vahanam, 22-10-2020 Surya Prabha Vahanam Chandra Prabha Vahanam, 23-10-2020 Rathotsavam Aswa Vahanam, 24-10-2020 Chakra Snanam Dwajavarohanam ¦¦
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SRI PARASURAMESWARA TEMPLE

Gudimallam, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

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God

The presiding deity of the temple is Sri Parasurameswara Swamy. The Lord is an incarnation of Lord Shiva. Parasurameswara Swamy is a Lingodbhavamurti, faces East direction. The Siva Linga is 5 feet tall. The Shiva Lingam is believed to be the manifestation of the hindu Trinity, Brahma manifests at the bottom, Vishnu at the mid-part and Shiva on top. The hunter exhibits perfect anatomical proportions and his torso resembles the shape of a bull's head. The image is well built with broad shoulders, narrow hips, tight buttocks and toned abdominal muscles. He is radiating an abundance of vitality and energy. The hunter stands in sthanaka posture and spreading his legs wide apart and his feet are firmly planted on the shoulders of Amarapurusha (crouching dwarf yaksha). His face is peaceful and serene, if not smiling. The two armed idol exhibits both hands keep hanging loosely. His right hand holds the dead goat by the hind legs and his left hand also holds a globular pot and it also clutches the long thick battle axe (parasu) at its handle. The fierce weapon also rests on his left shoulder.

Goddess

Goddess Parvati is the consort of Lord Siva and situated in the courtyard.

Interesting Facts

  • Parasurameshwara temple was built on the banks of Suvarnamukhi river, this Lingam is believed to depict the trinity.
  • The magnificence of the temple lies in the structure of sanctum and the Gopuram, built in the shapes of ‘Shiva Lingam’ and ‘Gaja Pushti’ respectively.
  • The oldest linga known to man (dated to 3rd century bc), the lingam purely representing phallus/yoni worship, this linga seems to be the transition point in shaivism, between the old and new form.
  • The main chamber of temple gets flooded with water of Suvarnamukhi river every 60 years, last time this happened was on December 4, 2005.

Best Season To Visit

The best season to visit gudimallam is the Winter season. The best months to visit are October to March.

Weather

Highest - March to July (42 °C during day and 20 °C during night)Average - May (40 °C during day and 20 °C during night)Lowest - November to February (27 °C during day and 18 °C during night)Monsoon season - August to November

Dress Code

  • For men the dress code is Shirt & Trouser, Dhoti or Pyjamas with upper cloth.
  • For women the preferred dress code is saree or half-saree with blouse or chudidhar with pyjama and upper cloth.
  • Shorts, mini-skirts, middies, sleeveless tops, low-waist jeans and short-length T-shirts are not allowed.

Do's & Dont's

  • Do bathe and wear clean clothes before you enter the temple.
  • Do respect ancient customs and co-piligrims while at temple.
  • Smoking and drinking is prohibited in temple premises.
  • Chewing betel leaves, tobacco, gutka and spitting inside temple is strictly prohibited.

transport connections

Name Distance Contact Number
Renigunta Bus Station
16 KM 0866-2570005
A.P.S.R.T.C. BUS STAND, Tirupati
29 KM 0877- 2289900
A.P.S.R.T.C. BUS STAND, Srikalahasti
30 KM 073828 83554
Renigunta Railway Station Junction
17 KM 08577-221800
Tirupati Railway Station
29 KM 0877-2225810
Tirupati International Airport
17 KM 0877-2275354

Architecture

Devotee Parasurama worshipped Lord Shiva here, hence the temple is named after him as Parasurameswara temple. The temple faces East direction, lingam is made of Navapashaanam. We can observe so many types of architecture such as late Pallava / Bana and Chola styles. Temple Gopuram is at the western entrance of the compound wall. The external walls are segmented and images of Ganesha, Vishnu and Brahma and placed here. The centuries-old prime sanctum is built with brick super-structure (Hara, Griva and Shikara) studded with stucco images and the granite substructure (from adishtana to prastara) and the plinth of the vimana has prativaribanda adhistana with the components of upana, jagadi, vritta (round) kumuda mouldings.

The sanctum has a false ceiling over wooden joists. The sanctum is at a lower level and the two mandapas in front are at an elevated level. From then on wards the temple was known as 'Gudipallam' or temple at the pit. Over the period the temple name changed as 'Gudimallam'. The Linga is openly set up within the square base. The square base is surrounded by a low three barred railings on slabs and the top railings found damaged and now replaced with new slabs during renovation. There are smaller shrines in the courtyard, mainly for the Six-faced Lord Kartikeya and Lord Suryanarayana. The Sun God is shown standing erect with a flower in each hand.

Deity -  Within the groove the sculptors have carefully sculpted the high relief image of a hunter! According to some scholars the image of the hunter represents Vedic and proto puranic concepts of Rudra. His hair is arranged like jatabhara 'burden of braids' characterized by large number of penetential plaits worn in a bunch. His elongated ear-lobes wear heavier ring shaped kundalas. Elongated ear lobes have become a sign of power, nobility and wealth. His neck is adorned with sarapali (most elaborate neck jewelry) around his neck, armlets with keyura / tholvalai (ornament around arms) on his shoulder-arms, elbow with kangana (elbow jewelry - bracelets of beads on each wrist (thick usually 3 – 5 strings) on his elbow, wrists with kataka valai / bangles in the wrists, rib cage with udarabandha - broad ornamental belt below the ribs, and thin garment worn around the waist are generously pleated and also wears beaded katibandha (hip belt) around the waist. Unusually the hunter has no yagnopavitha. The amarapurusha seen seated on his knee and his body appear shrunken. His face show tight teeths - may be he is finding it difficult to balance the weight of the super Lord. His ears appear like leaves.

Inscriptions - The name of the temple is mentioned as Parasurameswara temple in the inscriptions. These inscriptions do not refer to the original builders of the temple, but they have registered the gifts made to the temple of land, money and cows for the conduct of daily worship in the temple. The black and red ware sherds of the 2nd or 3rd century AD have been brought to light during the course of excavations conducted in 1973. Potsherds of the andhra satavahana period (circa 1st century AD to 2nd century AD) and large-sized bricks measuring 42+21+6 cms of the same period have also been found. Hence, some historians assign the temple to the Satavahana period.

The most ancient inscription of the Parasurameshwara temple is assignable to Twenty-third regnal year of Nandivarma Pallava III and datable to 802 A.D. An inscription dated in Twenty-fourth regnal year of Nrpatungavarman records the donation from Vanavidyadhara-mahabali Vanaraya. In the 49th regnal year inscription of Dantivarman (778 - 829 A.D.) speaks about the grant was to Gudimallam (No. 226 of 1903) when the banana king Vijayaditya I, (796 - 835 AD.) son of Jayanandivarman served vassal / feudatary of Dantivarma Pallvan. The latest inscription at the temple is assignable to yadava devaraya (AD. 1346). An inscription of the time of Vikrama Chola refers to a complete rebuilding of the temple in 1126 AD., along with flat gopuram and the wall. They have very square pillars on two ends with an octagon in the center.

Religious Significance

The Sage Parasurama beheaded his mother at the behest of his father. He sought advice of his guru the ways and means to relinquish his sin of killing one’s own mother. He was advised to pursue and locate the Shiva lingam and observe penance as a remedial measures. Sage Parasurama, after much pursuit, located Gudimallam Shiva lingam and dug a pond nearby to observe penance.

Legend has it that Parashuram’s mother Renuka was suspected of infidelity by her husband Sage Jamadagni. The Sage ordered Parashurama to behead his mother. Parashurama obeyed his father and when Sage Jamadagni wanted to reward his son, Parashurama asked him to bring his mother back to life and she was brought back to life. But Parashuram could not overcome guilt of beheading his mother and he felt remorse about his act. As a penance he was advised by other Rishis to worship Shiva at Gudimallam. After searching for several days, Parashurama found the temple in the middle of a forest. He dug a pond nearby and began his penance. Every day morning a single flower used appear in the pond and Parashuram offered it to Shiva. To guard the single flower, he appointed Chitrasena, a Yaksha. Chitrasena was actually a manifestation of Lord Brahma. Chitrasena had kept a condition that to guard the flower he should be given an animal to eat and a pot of toddy. Parashuram agreed to it and he used to hunt an animal for Chitrasena daily. One day when Parashuram went out to hunt, Chitrasena felt tempted to worship Shiva himself. He used the single flower to worship Shiva. An enraged Parashurama attacked Chitrasena when he found the flower missing. Finding the transgression grievous, the Parshuram entered into a fierce fight with the demon. When the vanquished demon was about to be crushed, Lord Shiva appeared and blessed both with their desire of Sayujyamukti – merging in him. Brahma as Chitrasena, Vishnu as Parasurama and Shiva as the lingam form the Gudimallam Shivalingam.

History

A Shiva linga, discovered between the 1st century and 2nd century BC. Temple is constructed in 1126 A.D. by Pallavas, Vijayanagara kings, Cholas. Many of the inscribed records speak of the perpetual gifts made by several rulers and these have been assigned to the rulers of Ganga Pallavas, Pallavas, Cholas and Bana dynasty.

Temple Timings

Day Timings
All Days 06:00 AM - 08:00 PM

Sevas

Abhisekham
All Days
06:15 - 07:00
2
Adults
45 Mins
500.00/ Person
Dhakshinamoorthi abhisekham
Thursday
08:00 - 09:30
1
Adults
1 Hr 30 Mins
500.00/ Person
Suryabhagawan abhisekham
Sunday
08:00 - 09:30
4
Adults
1 Hr 30 Mins

Pooja

Rudrabishekam
Monday
08:00 - 09:30
4
Adults
1 Hr 30 Mins
500.00/ Person
Kumkumarchana
Friday
08:00 - 09:30
2
Adults
1 Hr 30 Mins
500.00/ Person

Tours










Airports

Airport Name Distance
Shamshabad 40 KM
Lorem Ipsum 12 KM

Railway Stations

Railway Station Name Distance
Secunderabad 10 KM
Nampally 12 KM
Begumpet 6 KM
Lingampally 20 KM

Bus Stations

Bus Station Name Distance
MGBS 35 KM
CBS 28 KM
kukatpally 20 KM
Lingampally 30 KM
Uppal 35 KM

Private Transports

Transport Name Distance Contact Number
Private Transport 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757
Private Transport1 8 KM 9546858757

Local Transports

Transport Name Distance Contact Number
Local Transport 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757
Local Transport1 5 KM 9546858757

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SRI PARASURAMESWARA TEMPLE

Sri Kalahasti, Andhra Pradesh, India

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